Hydrochlorothiazide: Uses, Side Effects, Dose, Precaution, Interaction, Brand

Hydrochlorothiazide: Uses, Side Effects, Dose, Precaution, Interaction, Brand


Brand & other name : Microzide, HydroDiuril, Hydro, Esidrix,


Hypertension is treated using this drug. Its main role is to lower blood pressure, reducing strokes, myocardial infarctions, and renal problems. Diuretics “water pills,”—include hydrochlorothiazide. It increases urine output to eliminate excess salt and water.

This drug also reduces edema from congestive heart failure, hepatic disease, and renal impairment. Lower extremity dyspnea and peripheral edema are relieved by this action.

How to use

Orally take this medication as directed by your doctor, usually in the morning with or without meal. If you this medicine should be taken 4 hours before bed.

Your medical condition and treatment response determine dosage..

Medication should be taken regularly to maximize therapeutic effects. Give it daily at the same time to improve adherence. Individuals with increased blood pressure typically have no symptoms, so continue the treatment

If you are using bile acid-binding resins such cholestyramine or colestipol to lower your cholesterol, wait at least 4 hours before or after taking hydrochlorothiazide.

If your disease worsens or persists (e.g., high blood pressure), tell your doctor.

Side Effects

This medicine may cause gastrointestinal issues, vertigo, or cephalalgia during adjustment. If these symptoms worsen, see a doctor or pharmacist.

When rising from a seated or reclined position, be careful and slow to avoid dizziness.

Remember that your doctor ordered this medication because the advantages exceed the negative effects. Many people taking this drug have no serious side effects.

If you experience major side effects including vision loss or eye discomfort, contact your doctor immediately.

Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance may result from this drug. Severe thirst, extreme mouth dryness, muscle cramping or weakness, altered heart rate (slower, quicker, or irregular), mental confusion, or decreased urination should be reported to your doctor promptly.

This drug seldom causes serious allergic reactions. However, get immediate medical help if you experience severe allergic reactions such skin rash, pruritus, swelling (especially of the face, tongue, or throat), severe dizziness, or respiratory distress.

This list does not cover all adverse effects. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you notice other effects.


Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any allergies before starting hydrochlorothiazide. Some brands of this product contain inactive ingredients like sulfites, which may cause allergic responses or other side effects. Ask your pharmacist for advice.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine. any medical disorders you have, such as diabetes, gout, kidney, liver, lupus, or skin cancer.

This medicine may cause dizziness. Alcohol and cannabis may worsen this effect. Avoid driving, using machinery, and other high-risk tasks until you can safely do so. Alcohol should be consumed moderately. Check a doctor before consuming cannabis.Dehydration can result from intense perspiration, diarrhea, or vomiting. Keep your doctor informed if you have persistent diarrhea or vomiting. Unless ordered by your doctor, drink enough fluids to avoid dehydration.

Diabetes patients should monitor their blood sugar because hydrochlorothiazide may influence glucose levels. Your doctor may adjust your diabetes, exercise, or diet.

This drug may reduce potassium. Talk to your doctor about potassium-rich foods like bananas and orange juice or potassium-containing salt alternatives. Doctors may prescribe potassium supplements.

Long-term use of hydrochlorothiazide can increase sun sensitivity and skin cancer risk. Limit sun exposure, avoid tanning and sunlamps, and wear sunscreen and protective gear outside. Sunburn, blistering/redness, or new or changed moles/skin lesions require emergency medical attention.

Tell your doctor or dentist about all your medications, including prescriptions, over-the-counters, and herbal products, before surgery.

This medicine may cause dizziness in older people.

Only in extreme cases should this medication be taken while pregnant. Discuss risks and benefits with your doctor.

This drug goes into breast milk but is safe for babies. Talk to your doctor before breastfeeding.

Ask your pharmacist or doctor for details.


Drug interactions can reduce drug efficacy or increase the likelihood of major side effects. Note that this document may not cover all medication interactions. Keep a detailed record of all your medications, including herbal and prescription, and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change drug dosages without doctor approval.

Dofetilide and lithium may interact with this medicine, so use them carefully.

Some ingredients may raise blood pressure or worsen edema. Tell your pharmacist about your cough-and-cold products, nutritional assistance, and NSAIDs like ibuprofen and naproxen to ensure safe use.

This medicine may interfere with parathyroid function testing, resulting in erroneous results. Inform laboratory staff and attending physicians about your medication use.


  • Microzide


Please do not share this medication.

Consider exercising, quitting smoking, and eating a low-cholesterol/low-fat diet to improve this medication’s efficacy. For complete advice, visit your doctor.

While taking this drug, have regular medical exams and lab tests like potassium, renal, and skin tests. Keep all medical and lab appointments. Your doctor can explain.

Monitor your blood pressure and heart rate regularly. Learn how to monitor your blood pressure and heart rate at home and share the data with your doctor.

Forgot a dose? Give it right away. If the following dose is close, skip the missed one and go back to your regular schedule. Don’t feel like you need to take twice as much to make up for it.

Keep this medication at room temperature and away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Be careful to keep kids and pets out.

Dispose of this product according to rules. Unless advised, do not flush or pour drugs down the toilet or into drains. When this item has served its purpose or has expired, throw it away. If you need assistance with proper disposal, contact your local pharmacy or waste management company.

hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg, 12.5mg uses in hindi/urdu 👇

Recommended For You

About the Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *